同儕審查其實是個幌子? 1752年,倫敦皇家學會為了能審查《哲學彙刊》的投稿稿件,首度創立了〝論文委員會〞(Committee on Papers),自此開始了審查論文(refereeing)和評論論文(review)用於學術論文之上的形式。早期的〝評論〞更偏向於協助編輯選擇論文,而非現代意義上鑒別、審查文中論述觀點的作用,一直是到了20世紀中,同儕審查才發展成現在評論論文和提供作者反饋意見的模式。從歷史發展的角度上來看,同儕審查是專業人士之間的榮譽之舉。 也因此,同儕審查這個步驟,理應不該與任何收費掛鉤。…
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