學術寫作, 學術寫作技巧

善用連接詞和標記來改善寫作技巧

在寫作時,作為作者不僅僅需要清楚表述文章的中心思想,讓讀者能清楚明白段落間的關聯也是作者的重要責任之一,這些關連能夠用許多標記性的詞明確的劃分出來,能輕易避免段落以及句子之間銜接鬆散的問題,也能幫助作者維持清晰的邏輯。在面臨提高寫作技巧的瓶頸時,提高句式連接詞和標記的使用準確度不失為一個好的入手角度。

以下為幾種標記的辨認,在閱讀大量文獻時也可以從標記點來理解內文邏輯。

  • 對等連接詞和從屬連接詞

這種結構的例子如下,例子中使用了對等連接詞“so”組合兩個的未接合的句子,顯示出第一是第二有效的原因。此類連接詞種類繁多,for, and, nor, but, or, so, yet, thus, hence, because, in order to, owning to this…每個在使用上的應果關係各有不同,此類標記能快速幫助讀者閱讀。

範例:A quotation must be made to fit the syntax and grammar of your sentence, so take care as you experiment with signal phrases to introduce quotations.

  • 重疊

此類的例子之一,使用兩個關注同一事物不同方面的單句,重疊一個詞以產生統一的句型。此類標記較為隱晦,在長句中尤其不易識別。

例句:Unlike the simulation model, this experiment is not replicable. This experiment is limited by its own setting.

修改:Unlike the simulation model, this experiment is not replicable and limited by its own setting.

  • 關係子句

舉個這種結構的例子,例子中使用了兩個簡短的句子,並使用關係子句標記“which.”相結合。

例句:This machine has no failsafe function. This machine makes me nervous.

修改:This machine has no failsafe function which makes me nervous.

  • 指示代詞

這類的結構將一個句子一分為二,從而使用指示代詞來來強調需要關注的內容,以達成一個有力的句式。透過此類標記能更快速理解強調的重點。

例句:People should stay for another hour in the waiting room for the end result they care about.

修改:Those who care about the end result should stay for another hour in the waiting room.

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